Volume 6, Issue 2, April 2018, Page: 65-70
Toxicity of Essential Oils to Stored Product Pest and Application to Extrusion Coating Film for Extend Rice Storage Life
Udomporn Pangnakorn, Department of Agricultural Science, Faculty of Agriculture Natural Resources and Environment/Center of Excellence on Post Harvest, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand
Sombat Chuenchooklin, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering/Center of Excellence in Water Resources, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand
Received: Jun. 19, 2018;       Published: Jun. 20, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijema.20180602.14      View  706      Downloads  38
Abstract
The toxicity of essential oils and wood vinegar was tested on stored-product insects that infest rice. The essential oils from 5 plants, lemon grass Cymbopogon citratus Stapf, citronella grass Cymbopogon nardus Linn, pomelo peel Citrus maxima (Burm) Merr, eucalyptus Eucalyptus globulus Labill, and kaffir lime peel Citrus hystrix, were extracted by stream distillation. Raw wood vinegar was purified by filtering. Toxicity to red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum Herbst (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) was evaluated under laboratory conditions using topical application method (contact toxicity) and residual exposure method (fumigant toxicity). Overall, exposure to residual volatiles achieved higher mortality than droplet application. Kaffir lime peel achieved the highest mortality; 60% by topical application and 100% by residual exposure. A lower toxicity was found for lemon grass, citronella grass, eucalyptus and wood vinegar. Thereafter, kaffir lime peel oil extrusion coated onto plastic film that was used for storing packaged rice. Rice was stored in the bags for one month and pest infestations were quantified. The treatments showed no infestation of red flour beetle T. castaneum Herbst. Additional, the treatments showed significant protection against the 2 other stored product insects, including saw-toothed grain beetle, Oryzaephilus surinamensis L and rice weevil Sitophilus oryzae Linn. The results suggest that kaffir lime oil may be useful as a grain protectant against rice-infesting insects when used as a coating for bags made of extrusion film.
Keywords
Essential Oils, Extrusion Coating, Stored Product Insects, Rice Storage Life
To cite this article
Udomporn Pangnakorn, Sombat Chuenchooklin, Toxicity of Essential Oils to Stored Product Pest and Application to Extrusion Coating Film for Extend Rice Storage Life, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2018, pp. 65-70. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20180602.14
Reference
[1]
Karunakaran, C., Jayas, D. S., and White, N. D. G., “Identification of wheat kernels damaged by the red flour beetle using X-ray image,” Biosystems Engineering 87 (3): 2004, 267-274.
[2]
Prakash, A. J., Rao, I. C., Pasalu and Mathur, K. C., “Rice Storage and insect pests management,” BR Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, 1987, pp: 337.
[3]
Paranagama P. A., Abeysekera, K. H. T., Abeywickrama, K. P., and Nugaliyadde, L., “Fungicidal and anti-aflatoxigenic effects of the essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf. (lemongrass) against Aspergillus flavus Link. isolated from stored rice,” Letters in Applied Microbiology 36: 2003, 1–5.
[4]
Hyldgaard, M., Mygind, T., and Meyer, R. L., “Essential oils in food preservation: mode of action, synergies, and interactions with food matrix components,” Frontiers in Microbiology 3, 2012, 12.
[5]
Kuorwel, K. K., Cran, M. J., Sonneveld, K., Miltz, J., and Bigger, S. W., “Essential oils and their principal constituents as antimicrobial agents for synthetic packaging films,” Journal of Food Science 76, 2011, R164–R177.
[6]
Adorjan, B., and Buchbauer, G., “Biological properties of essential oils: an updated review,” Flavour and Fragrance Journal 25, 2010, 407–426.
[7]
Guilbert, S., Gontard, N., and Cuq, B., “Technology and applications of edible protective films,” Packaging Technology and Science, November 1995. Vol. 8 (6): 1995, 339–346.
[8]
Salgado, P. R., López-Caballero, M. E., Gómez-Guillén, M. C., Mauri, A. N., and Montero, M. P., “Sunflower protein films incorporated with clove essential oil have potential application for the preservation of fish patties,” Food Hydrocolloid 33, 2013, 74–84.
[9]
Islam, M. S., Mahbub Hasan, M., Xiong, W., Zhang, S. C., and Lei, C. L., “Fumigant and repellent activities of essential oil from Coriandrum sativum (L.) (Apiaceae) against red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae),” Journal of Pest Science (2009) 82: 2009, 171-177.
[10]
Gagan, S., Richa, S., Vivek, P., Narender, S., Bharpur, S., and Mann, A. S., “Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Cymbopogon citratus, stapf (Lemon grass),” Journal of Advanced Pharmaceutical Technology and Research. 2011 Jan-Mar; 2 (1): 2011, 3–8.
[11]
Mohd I. N., Bashir A. F., Ebenezar J., Javid A. B., Antibacterial activity of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) oil against some selected pathogenic bacterias,” Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine (2010) 535-538.
[12]
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Integrated Risk. Information System, d-Limonene. CASRN (1993) 5989-27-5.
[13]
Worwood, Valerie Ann. The Complete Book of Essential Oils & Aromatherapy. New World Library, San Rafael, CA, 1991. P. 20-21.
[14]
Arias, B. A., and Ramon-Laca, L., “Pharmacological properties of citrus and their ancient and medieval uses in the Mediterranean region,” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 97, no. 2, 2005, pp. 89–95.
[15]
Doreen S. H. NG., Rose, L. C., Suhaimi, H., Mohamad, H., Rozaini, M. Z. H., and Taib, M., "Preliminary evaluation on the antibacterial activities of Citrus hystrix oil emulsions stabilized by TWEEN 80 and SPAN 80 (PDF),” International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences 3 (2011) (Suppl. 2).
[16]
Bakkali F., Averbeck S., Averbeck D., and Idaomar M., “Biological Effects of Essential Oils,” A Review. Food and Chemical Toxicology 2008; 46: 2008, 446-475.
[17]
Yoshimura, H., and Hayakawa, T., “Acceleration effect of wood vinegar from Quercus crispula on the mycelial growth of some basidiomycetes,” Transactions of the Mycological Society of Japan 32: 1991, 55-64.
[18]
Pangnakorn, U., Watanasorn, S., Kuntha, C., and Chuenchooklin, S., "Effects of Wood Vinegar and Fermented Liquid Organic Fertilizer on Soybean (Srisamrong 1) in the Drought Season Cultivation," Journal of ISSAAS (The International Society for Southeast Asian Agricultural Sciences) Vol. 16 (2): 2010, 67-73.
[19]
Abbott, W. W., “A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticide,” Journal of Economic Entomology 18, 1925, 265–267.
[20]
Mondal, M., and Khalequzzaman, M., “Toxicity of essential oils against red flour beetle, Tribolium Castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae),” Journal of Bio-Science. 14: 2006, 43-48.
[21]
Germinara, G. S., Rotundo, G., and Cristofaro, A. D., “Repellent and fumigant toxicity of propionic acid against adults of Sitophilus granarius (L.) and Sitophilus oryzae (L.),” Journal of Stored Products Research 43, 2007, 229–233.
[22]
Negahban, M., Moharramipour, S., and Sefidkon, F., “Fumigant toxicity of essential oil from Artemisia sieberi Besser against three stored-product insects,” Journal of Stored Products Research 43, 2007, 123–128.
[23]
Adorjan, B., and Buchbauer, G., “Biological properties of essential oils: an updated review,” Flavour and Fragrance Journal 25, 2010, 407–426.
[24]
Hyldgaard, M., Mygind, T., and Meyer, R. L., “Essential oils in food preservation: mode of action, synergies, and interactions with food matrix components,” Frontiers in Microbiology 3, (2012) 12.
[25]
Mondal, M., and Khalequzzaman, M., “Toxicity of essential oils against red flour beetle, Tribolium Castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae),” Journal of Bio-Science. 14: 2006, 43-48.
[26]
Polatoğlu, K., and Karakoç, O. C., Biologically Active Essential Oils against Stored Product Pests. Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety. 2016. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-416641-7.00005-5.
[27]
Paine, F., and Paine, H., Manual de envasado de alimentos. Madrid: Vicente AM Ediciones; 1993.
[28]
Athanassiou, C. G, Riudavets J., and Kavallieratos, N. G., Preventing stored-product insect infestations in packaged-food products. Stewart Postharvest Review, 2011, 3:8.
Browse journals by subject