Volume 6, Issue 3, June 2018, Page: 95-109
Chemical and Biochemical Evaluation of Marine Pollution by Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Pesticides in Two Regions Along the Egyptian Mediterranean Sea
Mohamed Atia Sheradah, Marine Chemistry and Marine Pollution Research Lab, National Institute of Oceanography & Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
Amany Ahamed El-Sikaily, Marine Chemistry and Marine Pollution Research Lab, National Institute of Oceanography & Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
Nehad Mohamed Abd El Moneam, Biochemistry and Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
Nabila Elsayed Abd El Maguid, Biochemistry and Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
Marwa Gaber Zaki, Marine Chemistry and Marine Pollution Research Lab, National Institute of Oceanography & Fisheries, Alexandria, Egypt
Received: Aug. 1, 2018;       Accepted: Sep. 3, 2018;       Published: Sep. 26, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijema.20180603.14      View  365      Downloads  37
Abstract
The main objective of this paper is to understand the importance of biochemical biomarkers in assessing marine pollution by Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and Pesticides. Methods: The oxidative stress and antioxidant response as well as ultrastructural changes of both liver and muscle tissues of Siganusrivulatus collected from El-Mex Bay as a polluted region and Marsa Matrouh as a control region far from land-based sources of pollution have been investigated by using standard methods. In general, the results cleared out that El-Mex Bay was much more polluted by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and pesticides compared to Matrouh area. The concentration range of total polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and pesticides in sediment samples collected from Matrouh coast was 16.29-32.58 ng/g, dry weight and 107.62-149.11ng/g, dry weight, respectively. On contrast, the range in sediment samples collected from El- Mex Bay was 217.12-255.33 ng/g, dry weight and 663.73-778.7ng/g, dry weight, respectively. Biomarkers studies revealed that the induction of antioxidant systems in response to oxidative stress and the increase in lipid peroxidation in fish collected from the polluted area were good indicators for the pollution load" in the present study. On the meantime, the present study revealed that ultrastructural changes serve as a biomarker of stress in aquatic environment. Moreover, the results suggested that chemical pollution, on the other hand, is capable of inducing morphological alteration in liver of fish collected from polluted area.
Keywords
Antioxidant System, Lipid Peroxidation, Ultrastructural Changes, Marine Pollution
To cite this article
Mohamed Atia Sheradah, Amany Ahamed El-Sikaily, Nehad Mohamed Abd El Moneam, Nabila Elsayed Abd El Maguid, Marwa Gaber Zaki, Chemical and Biochemical Evaluation of Marine Pollution by Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Pesticides in Two Regions Along the Egyptian Mediterranean Sea, International Journal of Environmental Monitoring and Analysis. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2018, pp. 95-109. doi: 10.11648/j.ijema.20180603.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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